Our three pregnant Nubian Goats are due at the end of January & the beginning of February. We believe that we may have as many as five kids at that time. When that happens, we’re expecting they’ll produce at least three gallons of raw goat milk a day.
A note on raw goat milk sales in the state of Illinois: raw milk is legal to sell within certain guidelines. I’ve posted those guidelines below so we all can be informed and knowledgeable.
Raw milk sales are legal on the farm if the farmer complies with the following conditions:
- No advertising the sale of raw milk.
- Customers must bring their own individual containers. If the farmer uses his own container to bottle the milk, he is operating a “milk plant” according to the Department of Health Regulations, and the milk must be pasteurized. The farmer can only collect the milk in the customer’s container. The farmer cannot process the milk in any way. Sales of raw cream and raw butter are illegal.
- The farmer must produce the milk “in accordance with the Department (of Public Health) rules and regulations. “The Department does not apply these rules and regulations, including the permit requirement, to farmers with just a few cows who sell raw milk only on the farm.
Illinois Statutes CHAPTER 410 PUBLIC HEALTH ACT 635. Grade A Pasteurized Milk and Milk Products Act.
410 ILCS 635/8
Sec. 8. After the effective date of this Act, no person shall sell or distribute, offer to sell or distribute any milk or milk product for human use or consumption unless such milk or milk product has been pasteurized and has been produced and processed in accordance with rules and regulations promulgated by the Department.
The term “sell or distribute for use or consumption” means to sell or distribute to a person for human use or consumption and not for processing or resale in any form.
The pasteurization requirement of this Section shall not be applicable to milk produced in accordance with Department rules and regulations if sold or distributed on the premises of the dairy farm.
CHAPTER 410 PUBLIC HEALTH ACT 635. Grade A Pasteurized Milk and Milk Products Act.
410 ILCS 635/5
Sec. 5. After the effective date of this Act, it shall be unlawful for any person to establish, maintain, conduct, or operate a dairy farm, milk plant, receiving station, or transfer station processing milk or milk products, to establish and operate a cleaning and sanitizing facility or milk tank truck, to haul or sample milk, or to act as a certified pasteurizer sealer within this State, or to bring into and distribute from out-of-state milk and milk products without first obtaining a permit therefor from the Department.